The elbow is a complex joint. The radius and ulna rotate around each other (pronation and supination), while the two bones of the forearm perform flexion and extension movements together with the upper arm. These three joint components are enclosed within a capsule and secured by ligaments.
Both tennis elbow and golfer's arm are caused by overstraining the hand muscles, which causes painful inflammation of the tendon.
These afflictions are generally caused by sporting activities, but also by monotonous movements such as when working on computers or other manual activities.
Typical movements such as gripping, carrying, or lifting objects become painful. Conservative treatment includes physiotherapy, stretching exercises, sports ointments, and wearing an elbow bandage. If symptoms persist, cortisone, autologous conditioned plasma (ACP), or shock wave therapy can also help.
Surgery should only be considered if conservative treatment has been unsuccessful.
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